Trade registration process: What are trade mark classes?

Before filing a trade mark, you must think about the classes of goods and/or services you wish to register your mark under. This can be a tricky part of the application process for those who are unfamiliar with what trade mark classes are.

A class of goods or services allows a mark to be allocated to a specific service or type of product. These goods and services are divided by the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) into 45 classes. Classes 1 – 34 are solely used to identify goods (products), whereas classes 35 to 45 are used to identify services. Dividing goods and services into these classes allows Intellectual Property Office’s to identify marks clearly whilst preventing the development of a monopoly over a specific term or logo over all goods.

Each class gives an indication as to what is covered by that specific class. For example, class 12 covers vehicles (goods) whereas class 41 covers education (services). It is important to note that each class does not always include all that can be covered but will give you a general indication as to what it can cover.

When it comes to registering your mark, it is crucial to ensure that you choose the correct goods and services that are associated with your brand, as registering your mark in classes that are irrelevant to what you do could put you in risk of having your mark invalidated.  It would therefore be impossible to register your brand name for every single class because doing so would create a monopoly over your brand name and in essence, prevent other businesses from expanding.

As such, when applying to register your mark it is of paramount importance to decide exactly what goods or services will be involved within the nature of your business. If you are unsure as to which class heading your business will fall under, check out the WIPO classification tool here.

If you have any questions relating to goods and services or the trade mark application process, contact Lawdit Solicitors today.

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